Department of Agribisnis, 2008

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ANALISIS PERMINTAAN DAN PENAWARAN KEDELAI DI KEDIRI

ANA FACHRIANA

Abstract


The soybean needs at Indonesia is more increasing in a row with the increasing of soybean demand country. The increasing of this soybean demands for food material, was caused by the growths of population, and also by the growth of agroindustrial diversification product that needs soybean material.
Kediri is soybean produces area that has a big potention and apportunity to increasing soybean production. Kediri besides that soybean to increasing soybean produces, that?s also where area has a lot of industrial based of soybean material, example soya souce industrial and tofu industrial.
The objectives of this research are (1) To analyze the fluctuation of soybean supply and demand for 1 year to know about the high season anf off season. (2) To indentification equilibrium, (3) To know about the rest of the supply to indentification there are excess supply and excess demand.
The data that?s use in this research are (1) Secondary data are obtains from some instation, that are : Food Plant Official of Kabupaten Kediri, Statistik BPS, Kediri City Industrial, Trades, Mines, and coorperation Departement. (2) Primary data are obtains from 2 responden that use to be the sample.
The data analysis method are cuantitative descriptive analysis, that use to get more detail images about soybean supply and demand.
From the research, the result show, the amount of soybean supply has high season on June that is about 1652 kwintal. But the off season, the least supply on January that is about 57 kwintal. The highest demands is on July that is about 903.50 kwintal. The least demand on March that is about 468.70 kwintal. Excess demand conditions on October until Mey because of the lowest productivity and also the climate conditions that?s not supporting to plants soybean. Excess supply condition happens on June until September when eventhough the soybean demand has a high increasing but the soybean supplies is also harvest so there are not happens the soybean supply deficiency. The equilibrium condition is not happen during this research period, that?s because the supply and demand is indeterminate for every months.
Implication of research result during a year, retail price of soybean in the market increasing until three times. Notes on early 2007 retail price of soybean around Rp.3.500/kg, on November 2007 retail price of soybean increase Rp.5.450/kg, then on December 2007 increase Rp.6.950/kg. The top of price was on early 2008, retail price of soybean to be Rp.8.000/kg.
Suggestion: (1). Soybean producer always pay attention the market demand so that excess supply condition was not occured too long. (2) Soybean curd producer should be produced or bought a lot of soybean at the harvest. (3) Government sould be predicted and anticipated the increasing of soybean price through decision of soybean produced increasing in domestic and protected the farmers by price stabilization instrument post harvest and healthy and fair trade system. (4). The local government of Kediri to be expected had data about soybean demand to industry party in Kediri which was needed soybean material, so that the government able to know soybean demand in Kediri and it would be easier to add offering soybean if it was still lack.

 

Keyword : kedelai, permintaan dan penawaran.



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