Department of Accounting, 2009

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ANALISIS LAPORAN KEUANGAN UNTUK MENGUKUR KINERJA KEUANGAN PERBANKAN (Studi pada Bank Negara dan Bank Umum Swasta Nasional Go Public)

Riska Nurul Cholidiyah

Abstract


This study is entitled: "The Analysis of the Financial Statement for Measuring the Banking Financial Performance (Studies on the Government Bank and National Private Commercial Bank which gone public)". The research had this phenomenon of
the emergence of the new national private commercial banks which also enliven the banking industries in Indonesia as a background. This could result in the competitions in the banking industries which are becoming increasingly stricter. Therefore, the banks keep on competing to improve and to increase their performances, so that their roles as the intermediary financial institutions (financial intermediary) which are based on the belief could run smoothly.
This study was aimed to and had the purposes of knowing and finding out the financial performances of the Government Bank and the National Private Commercial Bank, as well as being able to provide the empirical evidences on the differences between the financial performances of the State Bank and the National Private Commercial Bank where the financial performances on this research was measured by using the CAMELS method (Capital, Assets, Management, Earnings,
Liquidity, Sensitivity to Market Risk) in accordance with the provisions which were stipulated by the Indonesian Bank. This research used the financial ratio which constituted the indicators of the CAMELS factors. Those ratios are CAR (Capital
Adequacy Ratio), NPL (Non Performing Loans), ROA (Return On Assets), ROE (Return On Equity), NIM (Net Interest Margin), BOPO (Operational Cost towards Operational Revenue), and LDR (Loan to Deposit Ratio). The samples used on this research consisted of 17 banking companies which have been already gone public. These samples of the 17 banking companies were divided into 2 categories, they are : 3 banks which were included into the category of the go public Government Bank and 14 banks which were included into the category of the go public National Private Commercial Bank. The data used were the quarterly financial report published by the bank on the year period of 2005-2007. The analysis
tools used in this research were to find out whether there are any significant differences on the financial performance between the Government Bank and the National Private Commercial Bank by using the independent statistics test of the sample t-test.
The results of the analysis obtained from the independent statistics test of the sample t-test on this research showed that the Government Bank has the qualities of
financial performances which were better than the National Private Commercial Bank on the ratios of the CAR, ROE, NIM, BOPO, and LDR. Meanwhile, for the ratios of the ROA and NPL, the State Bank showed the qualities of the financial performances below the National Private Commercial Bank. However, there were no significant differences between the financial performances of the Government Bank and the
National Private Commercial Bank. Thus, the hypothesis on this research was not evident.

 

Keyword : Laporan Keuangan, Kinerja Keuangan, CAMELS.



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